Ear Infections and Ways to Prevent This in Your Pet

Other household pets can become infested, too, including gerbils, hamsters, guinea pigs, mice, ferrets, etc. Using the information you provide and diagnostic tools, your veterinarian will investigate your pet's ear infection to determine the exact cause and develop a treatment plan to manage your pet's ear infection. When a cat is stressed or sick, the virus can recur, causing symptoms ranging from mild sneezing and nasal discharge to a full blown upper respiratory infection and eye infection. If the animal turns one way or another, a signal is automatically sent to the muscles on one side of its body to adjust for the change in position, thus preventing the pet from tipping over.

Are you afraid your cat might have an ear infection? It could be secondary to allergies, a mass, or possibly something lodged in the ear canal. Can apple cider vinegar treat yeast infections? here's why you need to try it. The fluid shifts as the animal’s head changes position, and corresponding signals are instantaneously sent to the brain; these signals register the position of the head relative to gravity. For best results, make sure that you have explored with your vet the proper way to administer ear drops to your cat. Your vet will recommend an appropriate ear cleaner for home use, and if necessary, prescribe topical or systemic medications based on the results of the exam and diagnostic tests. An infection due to a yeast build-up has a terrible odor, is especially itchy, and is often accompanied by a brownish/grey greasy discharge.

Although both are effective, cats hate having anything instilled into their ears, and treatment can be messy.


This incessant irritation leads the body to secrete a serum in response. Physical symptoms can include: This discharge, due to parasite by-products and the actual infection process, may have an unpleasant odor. In some cases, this crust can thicken enough to block the ear canal.

  • The cat's ear canal is shaped like an 'L' and you must ensure that you apply the medication into the entire ear canal.
  • If treated soon enough, we can also prevent secondary otitis externa—an infection of the outer ear that, if untreated, can progress to the middle and inner ear and damage the ear drum.
  • Ear mites are responsible for a majority of the ear infections seen in cats.

What Causes Ear Infections in Cats?

In the case of identifying microorganisms, these are the tests most commonly employed: If you are supposed to use an ear cleaner and/or medication, do so even if your pet doesn't seem to like it. Keeping your cat's ears clean is key, as well.

If your dog has recurring problems with the ears, then it can certainly be helpful to remove the hair.

Your vet will perform tests to determine the best course of treatment for the infection. To get your pet treated for yeast infections, contact your pet's veterinarian today. This means that cats being treated with antibiotics or for cancer or more likely to contract this fungal yeast infection. The good news is that weekly cleanings and/or diet modification can go a long way towards prevention or total elimination of an ear infection.

Ongoing Care

These pesky little parasites live inside the ear, feeding on the wax, oils and skin debris normally present in the ear canals. One of the most common places that cats will itch from allergies is their head and neck area, and this includes their ears. Any collected ear debris will be examined under a microscope to determine its identity, such as ear mites, yeast, bacteria, etc. This quick and easy test will allow the doctor to confirm the diagnosis of yeast skin or ear infection by observing the characteristic Malassezia yeast organisms under the microscope.

At this point, symptoms can become more severe, such as: This article has been reviewed by a Veterinarinan. Ear mites are often seen in puppies and kittens due to their weaker and developing immune systems.

While not all infected cats become sick, those that do can have a multitude of unpleasant symptoms such as skin lesions, fever and cough. For some dogs, an infestation of ear mites might just be a slight irritation, but for others, ear mites can become a raging battle with more serious symptoms such as mange. Regardless of the antifungal therapy – whether oral or topical, the infections will not dissipate for any length of time without improving skin health – typically controlling the pet’s allergies. Vaginal itching during pregnancy causes and treatment, what about pregnancy? If you notice signs of an ear infection in your cat, bring him to Village Vet of Urbana for treatment. Plotnick is a frequent contributor to feline publications and websites, including his own blog, Cat Man Do.

Treating Cat Ear Infections

However, several factors can contribute to feline ear infections that are caused by yeast. In fact, they are usually no big deal. This won’t do anything to effect the treatment outcome, but it may reduce the fear response from your cat caused by the sudden introduction of a cold substance into her ear. Use a cotton swab dipped in commercial ear cleaner to gently clean the interior of your pet's ears. Whatever the cause, it’s never a pleasant experience for your cat. It's important to identify a fungus early because standard antibiotics that work on bacterial infections are not effective against fungi.

A food trial’s goal is to change the proteins the patient eats to those she’s never been exposed to before. Since the pituitary gland helps to regulate the adrenals, we have two types of Cushing’s disease: Moreover, ear mites are very easily spread. Can you get rid of yeast? Photography by IVONNEW /THINKSTOCK. Then, we apply ointment or eardrops to begin combating the infection.

Candidiasis in Cats

Best of all, probiotics and enzymes are a safe remedy for kittens as well as adult cats. Use as directed. However, if your cat does not have ear mites or if appropriate treatment for ear mites fails to rid your cat of the infection, further diagnosis may be necessary. The most common symptoms of this ailment include: Get your cat an annual exam. My cat's ear canal is nearly closed. Your veterinarian will want to make sure that there is no corneal ulcer and that your dog’s tear production is adequate. But a significant subset will suffer these symptoms on a constant basis with no respite from their profound discomfort.

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Common home remedy treatment options include household ingredients such as isopropyl alcohol, acetic acid (vinegar), boric acid, tea tree oil, coconut oil, and many other plant based extracts, in varying proportions. Ear mites live out their entire four-stage, 3-week lifecycle on their host; following this treatment protocol will interrupt the entire life-cycle and keep developing mites from reaching adulthood. If one of your pups has ear mites, your other pets may contract them, and all of them will require treatment.

Broken or damaged skin literally opens a door for bacteria, yeast, and fungus. When using Zymox, do not use any other ear cleaners at the same time. First, veterinarians will order an ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) Stimulation test.

We want one condition instead of several conditions. The primary symptoms associated with yeast infections in cats depend on the type of infection present. Because ear problems in cats can be due to more systemic causes, if your cat has not responded to traditional therapies or a more widespread disease is suspected, your veterinarian may recommend further testing. That is a major surgery, and is usually reserved for last resort cases. Unfortunately, most cats require sedation — if not anesthesia — before they’ll submit to this kind of examination. This disorder and its alarming manifestations are typically temporary and ultimately harmless, but in some cases these signs may be due to a more serious problem so immediate veterinary consultation is certainly in order.

If it appears that a bacterial infection could be to blame, we may send a sample of your cat’s ear discharge to the lab for analysis.

Feline Candidiasis

Any pain should also be managed. Urinary tract infections associated with candida albicans, your doctor may prescribe a topical anti-fungal treatment, or an oral pill to treat your yeast infection systemically. Several viruses cause upper respiratory infections in cats that can also cause conjunctivitis. Bloom, Paul, DVM. To diagnose an ear infection, your veterinarian will take a thorough history of your cat.

Ear and eye infections are common in both dogs and cats. Dogs may not as be susceptible to ear mites as cats, but they are notorious for developing ear infections. Prednisone is an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid medication used to treat a wide variety of autoimmune diseases. Bob will choose Claro since it is a liquid solution, as opposed to OtiPack, which is a thick lanolin base. List of oral thrush medications (19 compared), you’ll swish, swish, swish for 10 to 14 days, which will help the body regain the natural yeast balance. The most common type of skin infection is a bacterial infection (pyoderma). We will usually use a cotton swab to gently collect a sample of ear debris for microscopic examination, and the living crawling tiny insects are readily seen.

Can My Pet Get Ear And Eye Infections?

Once the infection reaches the inner ear, it’s referred to as Otitis Interna. Still, there are certain signs you can watch for that help you identify an ear infection in your cat. PATIENCE is essential to prevent your cat (and you) from over-stressing. Many different problems can cause cat ear infections, including: Beyond the obvious physical discomfort to your pet, untreated ear mite infestations can cause ear inflammation, bacterial and fungal infections.

There are many things that you can do to prevent your pet from getting more yeast infections, including: When the ear mite infection is treated, such wounds resolve spontaneously, and this resolution may be speeded with application of topical antibiotics. Just as with bacterial infections of the ear canals, the underlying cause of the yeast infection must be identified and addressed.

Dry, Flaky Skin

We can help prevent pet ear infections, and teach you the best ways to care for your pet if he or she gets an ear infection. The ears often become red and inflamed and may develop an offensive odor. Inflammation around areas where intravenous (IV) catheters and gastronomy tubes have been inserted, skin irritation, open sores on the skin (ulcerative lesions), and correlating fever are common symptoms that these sites have been invaded by candida.

Let’s look at the causes of these infections, the symptoms of feline ear infections that are caused by yeast and how they are treated so you’ll know how to help your cat regain her health quickly if she’s affected by this condition. Check-up oral candidiasis (thrush), more than half of the population will have candida present in their mouth without experiencing any ill effects. Swelling around the ears. Prescription medication should be used as the last resort. In cases where this is not possible either because of personal schedules or because of particular dogs’ resistance to treatment, we can pack the ear canals with an appropriately medicated lanolin based product that will last for a full two weeks. To find out more, contact your Cupertino veterinarian today! Check your dog’s eyes regularly to make sure the dog isn’t showing symptoms of an infection. ” Cats have a limited way of showing that their ears are bothering them.

Diet, Food & Fitness

We are unable to verify your address as entered, but found as close match. What does help prevent yeast ear or skin infections from recurring is making the ears and skin less susceptible to yeast. Skin and ear infections with yeast are frequently diagnosed in dogs evaluated by veterinarians for skin problems. Wait one more week, then repeat step 1. Because of changes in the ears resulting from the allergies, many dogs will develop a lot of redness and irritation, as well as a yeast infection, and sometimes a bacterial infection. In fact, 80% of food sensitive dogs have otitis externa (outer ear infection). We’ll teach you how to administer medication to ensure a fast healing time at home. The ear swells up like a little balloon, and if not treated surgically, will scar down to a little lump of an ear.

Otitis externa may result from a yeast or bacterial infection or the invasion of parasites within the ear canal. In pets, ear mites most commonly affect cats, ferrets, and to a lesser extent dogs. The idea of tiny insects feeding on the blood of your cat may make you shudder, but fleas are a very common problem. We want to have a one test diagnosis instead of several.

The symptoms of yeast skin infection in dogs and cats can include scratching, licking, biting, chewing, rubbing, dandruff, skin changes (redness, dark pigmentation, greasiness, or thickened skin), red-brown discoloration of the fur and claws, and malodor. Treatment of the underlying illness is needed to halt this disease. Consider a cleaning solution. Why do I like this particular cleanser so much? So, Malassezia “like” allergic skin and ears and their presence can stimulate the production of excessive discharge from the walls of the ear canals. Once the ear skin becomes inflamed, bacteria (and sometimes yeast) that normally reside in the ear can overgrow, causing an infection. The pinna serves to collect sound waves from the external environment, concentrate them, and channel them into the depths of the auditory canal—the middle and inner ears. Malassezia yeast infections in pets are not affected by dietary sugar content.

Enzymes can streamline the digestive process, and support the entire body's metabolism.

When to See Your Veterinarian in Cupertino

There he goes again – you can tell by the constant jangling noise of his collar that your dog is scratching at his ear and shaking his head. Headshaking is one way. How to treat a vaginal yeast infection: 6 natural remedies. Get a quote for your cat now. Mites are also very contagious, so you should check the ears of any other pets in the house for them.

Dogs that spend a lot of time in the water may experience the same issues due to repeatedly wet ears. Treating ear infections can be very tricky, especially if allergies are involved. The vet can likely diagnose the problem with a quick swab of the ear canal. Early treatment can help avoid complications like hearing loss. Ideally, antibiotic therapy based on the results of culture and sensitivity testing. Your veterinarian may also examine the debris from your cat's ears under a microscope to find evidence of ear mites.

Bacterial Infections

If the infection spreads to the middle part of the ear, it’s referred to as Otitis Media. Ear infections are among the leading causes for trips to the veterinarian. Yeast from the genus Malassezia (previously Pityrosporum) are now recognized for the ability to cause problems in canine and feline ears and skin. The most common cause of feline otitis externa is ear mite infestation. Whats a natural way to get rid of thrush? Find out what is causing your thrush issues. They can also be caused by:

Some are contagious, such as ringworm. The vestibular apparatus consists of several fluid-filled canals that contain specialized nerve cells and receptors. We see a number of breeds of dogs that naturally have hairy ears (Poodles, Shih-Tzus, Schnauzers, etc). This swelling itself is uncomfortable for the pet, so the self-trauma becomes even more severe. Ear mites can cause several of these symptoms including a black discharge, scratching, and head shaking.

Using an ear cleaner, followed by an ear mite pet medication, and applying a dose of Frontline Plus to the skin should get rid of the ear mites if you follow the directions closely. The vet will need to do two important things before coming up with an appropriate treatment plan: Because outdoor cats are more likely to be exposed to ear mites, keeping cats indoors can reduce the chances of ear mites and associated otitis externa. The animal eventually manages to stand, but her appearance is startling. Testing for atopy will reveal an allergy to something in your cat's environment. The main causes of ear infections in cats are: Some additional tests they may recommend are: